Friday, January 17, 2014

What is Lupus?

Lupus is a disease linked to the immune system. The body's defence mechanism is a shielding process in your system that fights off foreign invaders, for instance bacteria, viruses and germs. Humans have B cells that manufacture proteins called antibodies and they are the first defense in guarding the body from harmful invaders. When Lupus happens, the body’s immune system cannot know the difference between the healthy tissue and cells from that of the harmful invaders. The system produces autoantibodies, and they stay in the body more than needed. This causes an attack on the healthy cells which leads to a number of symptoms that can cause pain, swelling, rashes, heat, inflammation and damaged tissues.

About 1.5 to 2 million Americans have problems with some sort of lupus, based on the Lupus Foundation of America. Women in the 15 to 45 year-old age group are 9 times more prone to contract lupus than men, while higher fatality rates and more severe signs and symptoms are recorded in African American females. Lupus is considered to have a genetic component that can run through families. The condition can adversely affect any part of the body, like the joints, skin and internal organs. Chronic conditions are those who last longer than 6 weeks and up to many or more years.

Lupus Forms

The general form of lupus is called Systemic Lupus, or SLE. This variety is the most serious form and may affect many body parts, just like the joints, skin and tendons. It could propagate in the bodily organs, like the heart, brain, kidneys, lungs and can even attack the blood. Advanced cases can show up in several areas at the same time.

Discoid lupus (DLE) is usually restricted to the skin and results in scarring of the tissue because of lesions and skin ulcers. Discoid lupus seems as a deep rash on the neck, scalp and face. A percentage, about Ten percent, progress to the more significant SLE form, but the transfer is extremely tough to detect. A sub-type of SLE is SCLE which stands for Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus. The SCLE form is just like SLE, but milder in that it doesn't produce tissue scars.

Neonatal lupus is a condition where the mother passes the virus onto the fetus. Certain medicines can also trigger a reaction and produce signs just like systemic lupus, nevertheless the symptoms disappear should the medication is halted.

Lupus Symptoms

Lupus disease signs and symptoms usually takes numerous routes, producing a range of problems and pains. The most common maladies include swelling and pain in the joints, ankles, knees, shoulders, elbows, wrists, finger joints and in some cases the neck region. This may cause mobility troubles in normal routines, which include grasping objects, lifting, walking up stairs, running and also other activities. The skin is frequently colored with red or light purple rashes which take place on the face in and around the nose and cheek area. The rashes may cause irritation, itchiness and sensitivity to touch. Your skin often becomes utra-sensitive towards the UV light of the sun, aggravating the symptoms when persons are in direct sunlight. Muscle pain and fatigue are usually misdiagnosed when in fact they can be directly caused by lupus.

Internal symptoms may involve the blood which could prematurely clot, triggering vascular problems in the veins and capillaries. Gentle or severe kidney issues might appear, causing pain in the lower abdomen and urinary tract. A fever and anemia is a type of symptom, not to be confused with the regular cold or influenza. Many of the more direct symptoms which cause doctors to suspect lupus apart from the most generally known ones are deficiencies in the iron count, issues with the heart (myocarditis, endocarditis and pericarditis), lung inflammations, seizures and issues with the renal system.

Lupus Treatment

The direct cause of lupus is not entirely known, but there are many theories that it is passed through the hereditary line. There are agreements that it could be triggered by medicine or reactions to certain chemicals. Other indications are that it may be connected with mental stress, certain infections and possibly hormonal imbalances, as in the situation of pregnant women. It is not unusual for the disease to go undiscovered for months, letting it develop into more serious and life-threatening stages. Diagnoses involves full blood tests, investigation of family medical history and skin biopsy. Regrettably, there is no permanent treatment for the disease. It can only be contained and treated to lessen pain and flare-ups. Skin is helped by corticosteroid creams to help relieve pain reducing scarring. Doctors such as from Asian American Medical Group AAMG  may advise anti-inflammatory medicines to relieve swelling. Lupus which has infected the inner organs should be treated by specialists.

The most typical and basic lupus treatment rest with the affected individual. This simply means lupus patients must change life-style routines by eating properly and taking sufficient nutritional vitamin supplements. They must exercise regularly to help keep the bodily processes working at optimum performance. Sunlight exposure must be reduced. Proper rest and a stress-free environment are needed to lessen further outbreaks and complications.

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